About Wellness Services
In an effort to provide more comprehensive wellness services to our students, all medical services are provided by Oaklawn Medical Group and all mental health services are provided by Abbott Road Center for the Family. Oaklawn Medical Group is the first point of contact for students who need medical treatment. Any student who needs to see a medical provider should contact Oaklawn Medical Group (269-749-2131), which is located three blocks from campus. A student needing mental health services should contact Abbott Road Center for the Family (517-351-2590). Abbott Road Center for the Family has an office on campus in the lower level of the library. If you need assistance making an appointment, please contact the Office of Student Life. We are happy to assist you in accessing medical/mental health services. Olivet College is committed to helping our students meet their physical and mental health needs.
Students’ health insurance will be billed when seen by a medical or mental health provider (most forms of insurance are accepted). Students are responsible for all expenses related to treatment, including co-pays, tests, etc. Students are always given the option to see their own primary care physician or counselor.
All student-athletes must have proof of medical insurance and a physical examination prior to being allowed to practice or compete within the intercollegiate athletic program. Please contact the Athletic Department for more details.
Wellness Services Links
Wellness and Education Services
Physical Forms (pdf file)
Immunization Records(pdf file)
Injury and Sickness Insurance Waiver Statement (pdf file)
Student Health Record (word file)
Oaklawn Medical Group
Abbott Road Center for Family (pdf file)
Frequently Asked Questions
1.Does Olivet College have a Wellness Center?
We currently have a Wellness Services program – in an effort to provide more comprehensive wellness services to our students, all medical services are provided by Oaklawn Medical Group and all mental health services are provided by Abbott Road Center for the Family. Oaklawn Medical Group is the first point of contact for students who need medical treatment.
2. How do I contact the medical provider?
Any student who needs to see a medical provider should contact Oaklawn Medical Group (269-749-2131), which is located three blocks from campus. Office hours are Monday through Friday, 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. After 4:30 p.m., students may contact the Marshall office by calling the on-call phone number, 866-222-6113. The medical staff will contact you to schedule an evening appointment.
3. Are medical and mental health services free?
No, our wellness services are supported by private providers. Students’ health insurance will be billed when seen by a medical or mental health provider (most forms of insurance are accepted.) Students are responsible for all expenses related to treatment including co-pays, tests, etc. Students are always given the option to see their own primary care physician or counselor.
4. I am having difficulty making an appointment. What should I do?
If you need assistance making an appointment, please contact the Office of Student Life. We are located in 208 Mott. Our phone number is 269-749-7607. We will be happy to assist you in accessing medical/mental health services. We are committed to helping our students meet their physical and mental health needs.
5. What if I need medical help after hours?
If injury or illness occurs on campus after hours, please contact your resident advisor or hall director. If they are not available, please contact Campus Safety (ext. 7911 or 269-749-7911). The Residence Life staff are trained to help students make decisions about emergency care. If you are not able to reach campus personnel and you are experiencing a medical emergency, dial 911 for assistance. If possible, have a friend alert the residence hall staff and/or Campus Safety.
6. Where is the nearest hospital located?
Olivet is located near two hospitals:
- Hayes Green Beach Hospital, Charlotte, MI – Phone 517-543-1050
- Oaklawn Hospital, Marshall, MI – Phone 269-781-4271
Fees associated with medical services or emergency transport to an outside facility are the responsibility of the student.
7. Is there a pharmacy in town?
Olivet Pharmacy is located in downtown Olivet (269-749-2301). Any student needing assistance in obtaining prescribed medication should contact the Office of Student Life.
8. What immunizations are required?
IMMUNIZATION RECORD – Please provide us with a copy of your immunization record. The following immunizations should be noted:
- MRM (Measles, Mumps, Rubella) – 2 doses (required)
- Polio – Series of doses (required)
- Varicella (chickenpox) – 2 doses (required unless born in the U.S. before 1980, have a history of chicken pox or a positive varicella antibody
- Tdap (Tetanus-Diphtheria-Pertussis) – 4 doses (required)
- Hepatitis B – 3 doses (required)
- Meningococcal Tetravalent – 1 dose (strongly recommended)
- TB skin test (strongly recommended)
- Influenza vaccine (offered in the fall each year)
9. I can’t find my immunization records. What can I do?
Your high school should have your records on file and can either give you a copy or fax them directly to the Office of Student Life. Fax: 269-749-7588. For more information, please contact the Office of Student Life (269-749-7607).
10. Can I get an absence note?
No, we do not provide absence notes. It is your responsibility to contact your instructor if you are going to miss a class.
11. If I should need counseling, how do I contact Abbott Road Center for the Family?
A student needing counseling services should contact Abbott Road Center for the Family at 517-351-2590 or contact the Office of Student Life (269-749-7607). Abbott Road Center for the Family has an office on campus in the lower level of the library by appointment only. Crisis counseling may be accessed after hours by calling the hall director on duty or Campus Safety. Services are offered on a confidential basis in accordance with state and ethical guidelines.
12. What can I expect to happen when I seek counseling services from Abbott Road Center for the Family?
- Expect the therapist to provide a supportive atmosphere for students to explore a wide range of issues.
- Expect an objective listener and the opportunity for self- exploration, personal growth.
- Expect discovery; the therapist will help you discover the resources that you have to cope with life’s challenges.
13. What happens in the first appointment?
- The therapist will assist the student in exploring his or her concerns, and evaluate the situation and options.
- The therapist and student will decide on the type of services best suited to meet their needs.
14. What are some of the reasons that a student might seek counseling?
- Counseling addresses a wide range of problems and concerns.
- Students might seek counseling to manage stress and anxiety, address family issues, manage conflict, adjust to college life, increase self-esteem, build healthy relationships, overcome homesickness, address sexual concerns, or deal with health issues and more.
- Students may seek counseling to satisfy judicial sanctions.
15. What type of counseling does the center offer?
Counseling topics include, but are not limited to the following:
- test anxiety
- relationship issues
- sexual assault/abuse
- Grief and other trauma
- alcohol/drug concerns, assessment, and treatment
- family conflicts
- panic attacks
- self-esteem issues
- eating disorders
- self injury
16. I’m worried about my friend/roommate/partner. What can I do to get help for them?
Contact your hall director, resident advisor or Campus Safety for assistance, or you can take your friend/roommate/partner to the Office of Student Life for help.
17. What is the policy regarding confidentiality?
All medical records received in the Office of Student Life are confidential. Information is not released without the student’s permission. Students are encouraged to notify their parents of illness or injury, but the college staff will notify a parent only with the student’s permission or in the event of serious illness or injury.
What you need to know:
- Medical records are completely confidential.
- Olivet College adheres to federal and state laws which protect the confidentiality of your medical care.
- Student medical records are governed by FERPA/HIPPA guidelines/laws and released to parents/guardians only if the student is under 18 years of age or has given written consent.
- Your Protected Health Information (PHI*) will be released to the party you designate upon receipt of your written authorization.
- All records are retained for seven years.
For more information or to report a problem:
- Students and non-students may contact Linda Logan, Ph.D., vice president and dean of student life, 208 Mott, 269-749-6669.
18. Who has access to my counseling records?
Counseling files are NOT part of academic records, and no one has access to them except the Abbott Road Center for the Family staff. Following situations are exceptions:
- If Abbott Road Center determines that you are a probable threat to yourself, Abbott Road Center is legally obligated to share that information with any person(s) who may be able to ensure your safety.
- If Abbott Road Center determines that you (or someone you know) are a probable threat to someone else, Abbott Road Center is legally obligated to share this information with the person threatened, the police department, and/or college personnel to ensure the safety of the person threatened.
- If a minor (child under 18) is currently being abused by an adult, Abbott Road Center is obligated to report the abuse.
Wellness and Education Services
STD’S/AIDS and Safe Sex
National Condom Day
What Is Stress?
Stress Free Zones
Tips For Reducing Stress
Study Skills Tips
Exercise And Stretching
Breast Cancer Awareness- October
Yearly Doctor Visits
7 Instant Health Checks
Effects on the Brain
Other Health Effects
Causes of Depression
Who Gets Depression
Alcohol and Drug Abuse
You can prevent the spread of flu viruses by:
- Washing your hands regularly with soap and water
- Cleaning surfaces regularly
- Always carrying tissues
- Using tissues to cover your mouth and nose when you cough and sneeze
- If you have the flu, stay home until you are well
- Get vaccinated
Barry-Eaton Health District
The following guidelines will apply for flu season:
Children and adolescents 6 mo-18 years of age who have the following insurance (no insurance, insurance that does not pay for shots or Medicaid) may come to the Health Department for flu vaccine.
We are not having private flu vaccine clinics and therefore cannot provide vaccine to anyone who has insurance that pays for vaccine OR anyone over the age of 19. They will need to see their physician or find a local pharmacy that is providing vaccine.
If a student fits the age & insurance guidelines, they will need to call the clinic to schedule an appointment. We will not be providing any off-site flu clinics this year.
Kellie Banko, RN, BSN
Barry-Eaton District Health Department
STD's and Safe Sex
Symptoms of STD's
- In women, itching around the vagina and/or discharge from the vagina
- Reoccurring or severe vaginal yeast infections
- Bleeding from the vagina, other than menstruation
- Discharge from the penis
- Pain during sex, when urinating and/or in the pelvic area or abdomen
- Sore throats in people who have had oral sex
- Pain in the anus for people who have had anal sex
- Painless red sores on the genital area, anus, tongue and/or throat
- A scaly rash on the palms of your hands and the soles of your feet
- Dark urine, loose, light-colored stools, and yellow eyes and skin
- Small blisters that turn into scabs on the genital area
- Swollen glands, fever and body aches
- Unusual infections, unexplained fatigue, night sweats and weight loss
- Soft, flesh-colored warts around the genital area
Symptoms of AIDS
Most scientists believe that AIDS is caused by the HIV virus. HIV virus affects the immune system and the central nervous system. So the initial HIV/ AIDS symptoms may be hidden.
For example, in a few weeks after the infection the body temperature may increase slightly (99.5 – 100.4°F) accompanied by enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, red spots on the skin, sometimes diarrhea. These AIDS symptoms are often neglected as signs of slight flu or intestinal disorder symptoms. HIV infection may be present unnoticeably up to 10-12 years: this time usually passes from HIV infection till AIDS development if no treatment is undertaken. Other AIDS symptoms may include constant fatigue, loss of the appetite, night sweating, quick weight loss, diarrhea, persistent coughing and mouth ulcers.
- If you are born of uninfected parents and abstain from sexual activity, your chances of acquiring STD are remote..
- You can enjoy a varied and active sex life with very little risk of infection if you are careful in selecting your partners.
- If you cannot resist the thrill of having sex with each new acquaintance, you can take many measures to minimize infection even if some of your partners are infected. Use of a condom greatly reduces the risk of passing on infection to either partner and also protects the female from pregnancy. Urination immediately after coitus and thorough washing of the genitals with soap and water are probably of very limited value but are better than nothing.
- After unprotected sex with a casual partner, seek medical examination before further sexual activity.
- Once medical treatment is started, it is essential to undergo all prescribed re-examinations until cure can be proven, to assist in ensuring that all sex partners are examined to prevent re-infection, and to refrain from sexual activity until proof of cure.
National Condom Day
Although the condom has always had a role to play in sexual health, its primary purpose has been as a method of birth control. The condom provides choices in family planning but it also prevents pregnancies where the idea of producing a child is the very last thing in a lustful mind.
Condoms Make Sense -
Condom use can be part of foreplay.
Condoms can be sexy.
Condoms come in flavors.
Five Billion Condoms are used each year...but it is not enough.
There are more than 100 different brands of Condom on the market...try them all,
The Danish word for Condom is ...'svangerskabsforebyggendemiddel'.
The first published use of the word 'Condum' was in a 1706 poem.
The first Condoms were made of animal intestines and in use in 1000 BC
The average shelf life of a Condom is two years...how long has it been in your wallet or handbag?
Condoms appeared in Cave Paintings in France in circa 200 AD
What is Stress?
Stress is a fact of nature; forces from the outside world affecting the individual. Stress is related to both external and internal factors. External factors include the physical environment, including your job, your relationships with others, your home, and all the situations, challenges, difficulties, and expectations you're confronted with on a daily basis. Internal factors determine your body's ability to respond to and deal with, the external stress-inducing factors. Internal factors which influence your ability to handle stress include your nutritional status, overall health and fitness levels, emotional well-being, and the amount of sleep and rest you get.
Stress Free Zones
There are many locations on campus which are stress free for studying.
- The basement of the Kirk Center
- Mott 3rd floor computer lab
- MacKay computer lab
Tips for Reducing Stress
- Eliminate drug use and moderate alcohol use
- Take breaks from your work to decompress
- Create predictability in your work and home life
- Create a clean and organized living environment and work place
1. Set aside a fixed place for study and nothing but study
2. Before you begin an assignment, write down on a sheet of paper the time you expect to finish. Keep a record of your goal setting
3. If your mind wanders, stand up and face away from your books
4. Stop at the end of each page, and count to 10 slowly when you are reading
5. Set aside a certain time to begin studying
6. Don't start any unfinished business just before the time to start studying. Uncompleted activities tend to be remembered much longer than completed ones
7. Set small, short-range goals for yourself. Divide your assignment into subsections
8. Keep a reminder pad. Another trick that helps increase your ability to concentrate is to keep pencil and paper by your notebook
9. Relax completely before you start to study
To do well on tests you must first learn the material, and then review it before the test.
These are techniques to better understand your material:
- Take good notes in your class lectures and textbooks
- Review your notes soon after class/lecture
- Review notes briefly before the next class
- Take good notes
about as your teacher tells you what will be on the test
- Organize your notes, texts, and assignments
according to what will be on the test
- Estimate the hours you'll need to review materials
- Draw up a schedule
that blocks units of time and material
- Test yourself on the material
- Finish your studying the day before the exam
Weight Management and Nutrition
Those who are suffering with this illness have a low self-esteem and often a tremendous need to control their surroundings and emotions. The Eating Disorder, Anorexia, is a unique reaction to a variety of external and internal conflicts, such as stress, anxiety, unhappiness and feeling like life is out of control. Anorexia is a negative way to cope with these emotions. The person suffering with Anorexia may be abnormally sensitive about being perceived as fat, or have a massive fear of becoming fat. With a low self-esteem and need for acceptance they will turn to obsessive dieting and starvation as a way to control not only their weight, but their feelings and actions regarding the emotions attached.It is not uncommon for people suffering with Anorexia to waver through periods of Bulimia (binging and purging) as well.
Restricting Type: during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has not regularly engaged in binge-eating or purging behavior (i.e., self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas)
Binge-Eating Type or Purging Type: during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has regularly engaged in binge-eating or purging behavior (i.e., self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas)
Men and women who live with Bulimia seek out binge and purge episodes; they will eat a large quantity of food in a relatively short period of time and then use behaviors such as taking laxatives or self-induced vomiting. This can be in direct relation to how they feel about themselves, or how they feel over a particular event or series of events in their lives. Those suffering with Bulimia may seek episodes of binging and purging to avoid and let out feelings of anger, depression, stress or anxiety. Men and women suffering Bulimia are usually aware they have an eating disorder. Recurring episodes of rapid food consumption followed by tremendous guilt and purging, a feeling of lacking control over his or her eating behaviors, regularly engaging in stringent diet plans and exercise, the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, and/or diet pills and a persistent concern with body image can all be warning signs someone is suffering with Bulimia.
Purging Type: during the current episode of Bulimia Nervosa, the person has regularly engaged in self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas
Non-purging Type: during the current episode of Bulimia Nervosa, the person has used other inappropriate compensatory behaviors, such as fasting or excessive exercise, but has not regularly engaged in self-induced vomiting or the misuse of laxatives, diuretics, or enemas
People suffering with Compulsive Overeating have what is characterized as an "addiction" to food, using food and eating as a way to hide from their emotions, to fill a void they feel inside, and to cope with daily stresses and problems in their lives. People suffering with this Eating Disorder tend to be overweight, are usually aware that their eating habits are abnormal, but find little comfort because of society's tendency to stereotype the "overweight" individual. Words like, "just go on a diet" are as emotionally devastating to a person suffering Compulsive Overeating as "just eat" can be to a person suffering Anorexia. A person suffering as a Compulsive Overeater is at health risk for a heart attack, high blood-pressure and cholesterol, kidney disease and/or failure, arthritis and bone deterioration, and stroke. Men and Women who are Compulsive Overeaters will sometimes hide behind their physical appearance, using it as a blockade against society (common in survivors of sexual abuse). With a low self esteem and often constant need for love and validation he/she will turn to obsessive episodes of binging and eating as a way to forget the pain and the desire for affection.
Exercise and Stretching
Listed here are some great websites for different exercise routines and stretches:
1. Eat plenty of high-fiber foods—that is, fruits, vegetables, beans, and whole grains.
2. Make sure to include green, orange, and yellow fruits and vegetables
3. Limit your intake of sugary foods, refined-grain products such as white bread, and salty snack foods.
4. Cut down on animal fat.
5. Cut way down on trans fats, supplied by hydrogenated vegetable oils used in most processed foods in the supermarket and in many fast foods.
6. Eat more fish and nuts, which contain healthy unsaturated fats.
7. Keep portions moderate, especially of high-calorie foods.
8. Keep your cholesterol intake below 300 milligrams per day.
9. Eat a variety of foods. Don't try to fill your nutrient requirements by eating the same foods day in, day out.
10. Maintain an adequate calcium intake.
11. Try to get your vitamins and minerals from foods, not from supplements.
12. Maintain a desirable weight. Balance energy (calorie) intake with energy output.
13. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation. That is one drink a day for women, two a day for men.
October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month
There are two main types of breast cancer:
- Ductal carcinoma starts in the tubes (ducts) that move milk from the breast to the nipple. Most breast cancers are of this type.
- Lobular carcinoma starts in parts of the breast, called lobules, that produce milk.
Early breast cancer usually does not cause symptoms. This is why regular breast exams are important. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include:
- Breast lump or lump in the armpit that is hard, has uneven edges, and usually does not hurt
- Change in the size, shape, or feel of the breast or nipple -- for example, you may have redness, dimpling, or puckering that looks like the skin of an orange
- Fluid coming from the nipple -- may be bloody, clear to yellow, green, and look like pus
Advanced Breast Cancer Symptoms:
- Bone pain
- Breast pain or discomfort
- Skin ulcers
- Swelling of one arm (next to breast with cancer)
- Weight loss
Early detection involves:
- Breast self-exams (BSE)
- Clinical breast exams by a medical professional
- Screening mammography
Breast cancer is more easily treated and often curable if it is found early. Most experts recommend that women age 20 and older examine their breasts once a month during the week following the menstrual period. Women between the ages 20 and 39 should have a doctor examine their breasts at least once every 3 years.
For more information about Breast Cancer and how to perform a self-exam go to:
Yearly Doctor Visits
There are many potential benefits to annual doctor visits, including earlier diagnosis and treatment of existing health problems and prevention of future problems. Today annual visits to a primary care physician are generally recommended for all adults after the age of 18. This is usually the point at which a young person makes the transition from a pediatrician to a doctor for adults. Women who see a gynecologist for regular pelvic exams and pap smears should also visit their primary care physician to discuss their other healthcare needs.
If you choose not to see a doctor regularly, than you should at least check out some of these websites to education yourself on health issues facing women and early detection.
Seven Instant Health Checks
Most men refuse to see a doctor unless they are in serious pain. In fact, a recent survey showed that up to 58 percent of men would create an excuse to avoid seeing a physician. While you should still consider regularly seeing a doctor (at least once per year) here are some tips that can help you keep track of your health from home.
1) Check your gums
Red gums that are inflamed or bleed when you brush might be due to gingivitis. This can eventually lead to heart disease, the number one killer of men. The bacteria from your gums will enter your bloodstream, potentially causing inflammation elsewhere in your body, including your heart.
If you are of light complexion, your gums should be a light pink in color, or if you have a darker complexion, your gums should be a bit darker. If your gums are inflamed or bleed when brushed, you should try flossing and see your dentist.
2) Nasal Passages
When you breath, are you able to inhale through your nose? If not, than your nasal passages are probably blocked due to allergies or a common cold. If you are having difficulty breathing through your nose, this could cause sleep deprivation. You should consider consulting a physician if your symptoms can not be solved through over the counter medication.
3) Heart Rate
Your heart rate is an indication of how hard your heart has to work to pump blood through your body. It can be a very good indication of your fitness but if your heart rate is unusually high it can be a sign of heart disease or diabetes. Research has shown that if your resting heart rate is above 70 beats per minute, your risk of heart disease can increase by 78 percent.
To check your resting heart rate, sit for a minute or two before taking your pulse at either your neck or your wrist. Count the number of times your heart beats in 15 seconds, and then multiply that number by 4 for your bpm. As a rule, 40 to 60 bpm indicates a high level of cardiovascular fitness.
4) Belly Shape
Men tend to gain weight around their abdomen, and studies have shown that deeply seated abdominal fat bumps increase your risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and some types of cancer.
To reduce access body fat, you should watch what you eat and try to move more.
Melanoma in a guy may be very tough to spot and catch early because it is typically found on his head, neck, or upper back. After showering, scan your skin for anything that looks unusual. Pay attentions to these areas when checking your moles: asymmetry, blurry or jagged edges, black or multihued, more than a quarter inch across, or growing, and if it changes size or shape. If you note any alarming marks, have your dermatologist look at them and perform a biopsy if necessary.
6) Stiff Muscles
Poor flexibility in your upper back can predispose you to lower-back pain and injury. If you sit at a desk for long hours without moving, or if you're doing a lot of lifting to build your chest muscles but not stretching them out and not strengthening your upper back, your shoulders and neck will hunch forward. To prevent injury, stay limber by stretching before exercise.
7) Bad Memory
For more Health Tips for Men, go to www.menshealth.com
If you are struggling with poor memory, you are probably stressed out. The stress hormone cortisol temporarily short-circuits memory. If finding a way to relax does not seem possible, consider going for a run. Cardiovascular exercise shunts extra oxygen to your brain, boosting your mental acuity in general
Anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) are synthetically produced variants of the naturally occurring male sex hormone testosterone. Some people, both athletes and non-athletes, abuse AAS in an attempt to enhance performance and/or improve physical appearance. AAS are taken orally or injected, typically in cycles rather than continuously. “Cycling” refers to a pattern of use in which steroids are taken for periods of weeks or months, after which use is stopped for a period of time and then restarted. In addition, users often combine several different types of steroids in an attempt to maximize their effectiveness, a practice referred to as “stacking.”
Effects on the Brain
Long-term use of AAS can eventually have an impact on some of the same brain pathways and chemicals and can affect mood and behavior in significant ways. Research shows that abuse of anabolic steroids may lead to aggression and other adverse effects. For example, although many users report feeling good about themselves while on anabolic steroids, extreme mood swings can also occur, including manic-like symptoms that could lead to violence. Researchers have also observed that users may suffer from paranoid jealousy, extreme irritability, delusions, and impaired judgment stemming from feelings of invincibility.
Other Health Effects
- AAS can be addictive and users find it hard to stop despite the negative impacts on their physical and social lives
- For men—shrinking of the testicles, reduced sperm count, infertility, baldness, development of breasts, increased risk for prostate cancer
- For women—growth of facial hair, male-pattern baldness, changes in or cessation of the menstrual cycle, enlargement of the clitoris, deepened voice
- For adolescents—stunted growth due to premature skeletal maturation and accelerated puberty changes; risk of not reaching expected height if AAS is taken before the typical adolescent growth spurt
- constant feelings of sadness, irritability, or tension
- decreased interest or pleasure in usual activities or hobbies
- loss of energy, feeling tired despite lack of activity
- a change in appetite, with significant weight loss or weight gain
- a change in sleeping patterns, such as difficulty sleeping, early morning awakening, or sleeping too much
- restlessness or feeling slowed down
- decreased ability to make decisions or concentrate
- feelings of worthlessness, hopelessness, or guilt
- thoughts of suicide or death
- Family history: Genetics play an important part in depression. It can run in families for generations.
- Trauma and stress: Things like financial problems, the breakup of a relationship, or the death of a loved one can bring on depression. You can become depressed after changes in your life, like starting a new job, graduating from school, or getting married.
- Pessimistic personality: People who have low self-esteem and a negative outlook are at higher risk of becoming depressed. These traits may actually be caused by low-level depression (called dysthymia).
- Physical conditions: Serious medical conditions like heart disease, cancer, and HIV can contribute to depression, partly because of the physical weakness and stress they bring on. Depression can make medical conditions worse, since it weakens the immune system and can make pain harder to bear. In some cases, depression can be caused by medications used to treat medical conditions.
- Other psychological disorders: Anxiety disorders, eating disorders, schizophrenia, and (especially) substance abuse often appear along with depression.
Who gets Depression?
- Women are almost twice as likely to become depressed as men. The higher risk may be due partly to hormonal changes brought on by puberty, menstruation, menopause, and pregnancy.
- Men: Although their risk for depression is lower, men are more likely to go undiagnosed and less likely to seek help. They may show the typical symptoms of depression, but are more likely to be angry and hostile or to mask their condition with alcohol or drug abuse. Suicide is an especially serious risk for men with depression, who are four times more likely than women to kill themselves.
Sexual Harrassment and Assault
Sexual harassment is a form of sex discrimination. Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment when submission to or rejection of this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.
Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances, including but not limited to the following:
- The victim as well as the harasser may be a woman or a man. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex.
- The harasser can be the victim's supervisor, an agent of the employer, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or a non-employee.
- The victim does not have to be the person harassed but could be anyone affected by the offensive conduct.
- Unlawful sexual harassment may occur without economic injury to or discharge of the victim.
- The harasser's conduct must be unwelcome.
- One in Four college women report surviving rape or attempted rape since their fourteenth birthday.
- One in five college women has been raped at some point in her lifetime.
- In a typical academic year, 3% of college women report surviving rape or attempted rape. This does not include the summer, when many more rapes occur.
- In the year 2000, 246,000 women survived rape and sexual assault. This computes to 28 women every hour.
- Half of these girls told no one about the incident.
- 3% of college men report surviving rape or attempted rape as a child or adult.
- 41% of college women who are raped were virgins at the time. (1)
- 42% of rape survivors told no one about the rape. (1)
- False reports of rape are rare, according to the FBI, occurring only 8% of the time. (13)
- 99% of people who rape are men, 60% are Caucasian. Between 62% and 84% of survivors knew their attacker
There are people on campus who can offer assistance:
1. Campus Safety at ext. 7911.
2. Any hall director, the director of Residence Life at ext. 7694, or the vice president for Student Life at ext. 6669 (between 8:30 a.m. and 5 p.m.). After hours, the vice president for Student Life can be reached through Campus Safety or Residence Life staff.
3. The director of the Women’s Resource Center at ext. 6638 (between 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m.).
After 5 p.m., the nurse will be contacted by either Campus Safety or the hall director on call.
Any one of the above listed individuals can advise students of the procedures for filing an incident report for violation of a Community Standard and most importantly can direct students to information and assistance as well as emotional support and counseling.
The best way for a survivor of sexual assault to remain in control over actions is to report the assault to a confidential counselor where no action will be taken without the survivor’s consent, unless required by law. Students always have the option of speaking to a public safety officer and should be provided with information about how to file a formal complaint even if he/she is not ready to decide about pressing formal charges.
Additional supportive services are listed below:
• Betsy Dole Women’s Resource Center at ext. 6638
(between 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m.)
• S.I.R.E.N./Eaton Shelter
(517) 543-4915 (24-hour crisis line) or
1-800-899-9997 (24-hour crisis line)
Office (517) 543-0748
• Sexual Assault Services of Calhoun County
(Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners – S.A.N.E.)
Office: (269) 660-3925
This is a federally funded program which is specifically intended to provide medical services to victims of sexual assault.
• For female victims who would be more comfortable speaking with a female, specially trained nurses can examine victims at either the Oaklawn Hospital Emergency Room in Marshall or the Battle Creek Health Systems Emergency Room in Battle Creek.
• Ingham County Crisis Center 1-800-372-8460
Sexual assault is a traumatic experience and professional help can assist with the recovery process. Although procedures for handling sexual assault violations are processed through the Office of Student Life, all information regarding an incident is absolutely confidential and details are not released to other employees or students.
Alcohol and Drug Abuse
Alcohol abuse causes over 100,000 deaths in the United States and Canada each year. It is the drug most commonly abused by children ages 12 to 17. Alcohol-related motor vehicle accidents are the leading cause of death in teenagers. You have an alcohol problem if your use of alcohol interferes with your health or daily living. You develop alcoholism if you physically or emotionally depend on alcohol to get you through your day.
Long-term heavy drinking damages the liver, nervous system, heart, and brain. It also can lead to high blood pressure, stomach problems, medicine interactions, sexual problems, osteoporosis, and cancer. Alcohol abuse can also lead to violence, accidents, social isolation, jail or prison time, and difficulties at work and home.
Symptoms of an alcohol problem include personality changes, blackouts, drinking more and more, and denial of the problem. A person with an alcohol problem may gulp or sneak drinks, drink alone or early in the morning, and suffer from the shakes. He or she may also have family, school, or work problems or get in trouble with the law because of drinking.
Alcohol abuse patterns vary. Some people drink and may be intoxicated every day; others drink large amounts of alcohol at specific times, such as on the weekend. It is common for someone with an alcohol or drug problem to call in sick for work on Monday or Friday. He or she may complain of having a virus or the flu. Others may be sober for long periods and then go on a drinking binge that lasts for weeks or months.
Drug abuse includes the use of illegal drugs; such as marijuana, methamphetamines, cocaine, heroin, or other "street drugs" and the abuse of legal prescription and nonprescription drugs. Some people use drugs to get a "high" or to relieve stress and emotional problems.
Drugs like ecstasy (MDMA), ketamine, GHB, Rohypnol, and LSD, which are known as "club drugs," may be found at all-night dances, raves, trances, or clubs. Club drug use accounts for increasing numbers of drug overdoses and emergency room visits. Inhalants like nitrous oxide may also be used at these clubs. Drugs come in different forms and can be used in different ways. They can be smoked, snorted, inhaled, taken as pills, put in liquids or food, put in the rectum or the vagina, or injected with a needle. Teens and young adults may be at risk for becoming victims of sexual assault or violent behavior in situations where these drugs are used.
In the United States and Canada, approximately 40% of adults will use an illegal drug at some time during their lives. Many people abuse more than one illegal substance at a time.
- Affects vision in the following ways: narrows the visual field, reduces resistance to glare, interferes with the ability to differentiate intensities of light, and lessens sensitivity to colors.
- Damage to vital organs; including liver, heart and pancreas.
- Linked to several medical conditions; including gastro intestinal problems, malnutrition, high blood pressure, and lower resistance to disease. Also linked to several types of cancer; including esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas and colon.
- Impairs one's ability to drive or operate machinery safely.
- Drugs affect the various areas of the brain and change normal brain activity. It is important to know what specific functions are located in each of the major brain areas, to better understand the effects of drugs and alcohol on behavior and functioning.
- The hypothalamus regulates homeostasis, the body's system for keeping itself balanced. This includes: sleep and wake cycles, hunger, thirst, sexual behavior, blood pressure, and temperature.
- The medulla is responsible for head balance, movement, and assisting the hypothalamus in regulating automatic body functions
- The cerebral cortex contains half of the nervous system's cells, which regulates the speed and vomiting reflexes. It is also responsible for language, abstract thinking, personality, and interpretation of emotion and sensory information, including judgment
- The cerebellum is responsible for coordination of muscles, maintenance of balance, and specific memory and learning system functions that are not to one part of the brain.